Every athlete wants to be successful in their choice of sport. However, injuries are an inevitable part of it. Skipping warm up and/or stretching exercises and poor training practices are believed to be the most common factors that increase the risk of sports injuries. When an athlete is injured, he is usually advised by the physician to take some time off the field while recovering from it. The duration of the necessary healing process may depend on its severity.
The effects of being forced out of action due to a sports-related injury can have both physical and psychological effects on the athlete. Provided below is a list of the most common sports injuries, along with the possible causes, and symptoms:
1. Ankle Sprain
This type of injury is caused when the ligaments of the ankle gets torn or stretched too much. It is common in sports like basketball, soccer, and baseball. Its symptoms include:
- Numbness of the feet
2. Plantar Fasciitis
This condition is caused when the tendon that runs along the arch of the foot becomes strained or when the foot is subjected to repeated stress. Excess weight, excessive pronation, wearing worn out shoes, and age are factors that increase the risk of plantar fasciitis. Although its symptoms may vary, the most common symptom includes a stabbing pain at the bottom of the foot which is usually worse in the morning.
3. Shin Splints
This sport-related injury is most common in runners or athletes who engage in sports associated with a great deal of running, such as football and basketball. An athlete can suffer from shin splints when the shinbone and its connective tissues are repeatedly subjected to stress. Some of its symptoms include:
- Pain along the inner side of the shinbone
- Mild swelling in the lower leg
Also known as a broken bone, a fracture is sports-related injury that is fairly common in athletes that engage in contact sports. This condition is caused by a one-time injury that requires immediate surgery to repair the bone completely. Accidental falls and health conditions relating to the bones, such as osteoporosis, are risk factors for bone fracture. Signs and symptoms include:
- Bruising or swelling over the bone
- Pain in the injured area becomes worse when pressure is applied
- Deformity of the leg or arm
- Inability to bear weight
- Loss of function
- Protruded bone (open fracture)
5. ACL Tear or Strain
The anterior cruciate ligament or ACL is one of the major stabilizing parts of the knee. An injury to the ACL is caused when an athlete makes quick changes in direction or suddenly cuts a movement. An athlete undergoes surgery and rehabilitation to repair the ACL. Signs and symptoms of an ACL injury often include the following:
- Loud popping sensation in the knee
- Severe pain
- Feeling of knee instability
- Loss range of motion
Also known as luxation, this injury may occur when a sudden applied force pushes the bone in a joint out of its place. Contact sports athletes are more at risk of dislocation injury due to excessive stretching and falling.
- Numbness or tingling sensation in the joint
- Swelling or bruising
- Limited movement
- Intense pain
- Bone deformity
Despite the unpredictable nature of sports, you can prohibit sports injuries with prevention. With proper training and correct set of warmup and stretching exercises, you have less chance of suffering from any sports-related injuries.